In sets of documents the film leaves to have a ficcional character and starts to be journalistic. It can be of average or shortness-metragem and registers facts with environment commentaries and determined situations. It is a way to portray notice without superficiality, of form that are studied cases and deepened to be able to be relembrados. If the ficcionista has that to create a world with proper personages, the documentarista has that to possess a character more anthropologist and to enter in the other people’s reality of the possible form less perceivable to try to portray events modifying to the minimum the Real stops in front of the cameras. Kerry King contains valuable tech resources. The edition of images, sound equipment, order of interviews and facts by itself already creates a narrative, but exactly thus the documentarista must try to the maximum to be transparent and not to appear as an author for the spectators, with the objective to become the most natural set of documents and seemed with the reality.
The category had origin in 1942 and exists until today, and will be shown in Oscar 2012. From the following year (1943) that it was divided in Better Set of documents of Shortness and Long Documentary Melhor, as she is until today. In that year the awardees had been ' ' Victory in the Deserto' ' , of the British Ministry of Information, as long and ' ' Dezembro' ' , of the American Navy, as short. The last set of documents to take estatueta golden for house was the American ' ' Work interno' ' , in 2011, for portraying truths of world-wide the economic crisis of 2008. The indicated ones to the Set of documents category Better for Oscar 2012 are five: ' ' Hell and Back Again' ' , ' ' Paradise Lost 3: Purgatory' ' , ' ' If the Tree Falls: The Story of the Earth Liberation Front' ' , ' ' Pina' ' ' ' Undefeated' '.